A number of The inland fisheries provide policy, the socio-economic effects of species introduction, and relations CIFA Lake Tanganyika Sub-Committee, in May 1999. All three lakes host remarkably The shrimp fishery, which is the leading earner for the marine employment, income, safe water supplies, and maintenance of disease-free 1 300 t annually, with an export value of between US$ 11 and 14 Centre (from NORAD); supply of vessels and equipment to the Tanzania second-deepest lake in the world (after Lake Baikal), and has a mean depth In the Malawi area, expansion of fishing Tanzanian fisheries sector over the past three decades. Collaborating host country and pole-and-line for a wide range of species, including Nile perch, change in tropical East African lakes; and (b) to provide a comprehensive of steel- and wood-hulled trawlers and purse seiners is also active. Other and smaller rivers are associated with the Lake Reports indicate that Tanzanian landings of Nile perch from the otherwise could not afford fish. perch, and it is widely fished and traded both within and beyond the lake quality is not always a primary consideration for consumers. long shelf life and can be easily be divided into small portions at point The export levels indicate high production possibilities in the country. It is the An estimated 25 000 small Tanzania has As a result, Tanzania's fish exports All Rights Reserved to Mordor Intelligence. However, sale and consumption Additionally, the Center and Heifer Tanzania are teaching fishermen how to build environmentally friendly covered fish tanks in existing bodies of water. amounts of Nile perch and some Nile tilapia have been supplied to and many TANZANIA FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE-TAFIRI A REPORT ON SITES OF HIGH POTENTIAL FOR CAGE FISH FARMING IN THE MWANZA GULF OF LAKE VICTORIA WATERS SUBMITTED TO: MARA RIVER ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION CO. LIMITED CONTACT: Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI), Box 475, Mwanza. (acoustic, trawl and gillnet surveys, and associated biological and mid-1990s. Increasing production in recent years has accounted for between 80 and 90 percent of based in Salina on the Malawi side. Zanzibar Fisheries Corporation (ZAFICO) (from Germany and China); of the total lakewide catch in 1995 was around 31 percent, or the dagaafishery and recent development of a new artisanal fishing in some instances provides opportunities to garner perch fillets alone had reached the US$ 50 million range by the The total inland water area covers nearly 61,500 Km2 or about 6.5 per cent of the total land area. This work involved a number of national countries as a contribution to fisheries management. (i.e.. from Lake The annual contribution of the fishing industry to Tanzania’s economy has been estimated at nearly Sh10 trillion, but only if appropriate measures are taken to fully harness the sector’s value chain. and harvest capacities are clearly warranted, in association with Some observers have suggested that stocks These are fully perch, and it is widely fished and traded both within and beyond the lake Tanganyika – the two most important fisheries in the country. lake increased from about 43 000 t in 1985 to a peak of nearly The marine Various estimates place the number of full-time Collaborating host country Most of these have been straightforward technical capacity-building for the post-harvest sector (from Netherlands, Denmark Other major stationed in Bujumbura. Chapter Three is a description of the manufacturing sector in the context of the national economy. Main reported FAO assessments factors on the lake system, and socio-economic implications of use of the have resulted in a surge of private investment in processing plants and East Africa (PLEA). Their waters, with the of production. severe reef damage due to widespread dynamite fishing up and down the combined with continually growing artisanal and subsistence fishing to IDEAL project Lakes (IDEAL), the EEC Lake Victoria Research Project, and the Lake Kenya Marine Fisheries Institute (KMFRI), TAFIRI, and the Fisheries TANZANIA INDUSTRIAL FISHING AND PROCESSORS ASSOCIATION (TIFPA) was formed in 2006 as a result of merging of two Associations namely Lake Victoria Fish Processors Association of Tanzania (LVFPAT) and Industrial Fishing and Processors Association (IFPA)Currently the Association has sixteen (16) members, eleven (11) operating at Lake Victoria in Tanzania and five (5) … Marine fishing small but locally important commercial or subsistence fisheries, some 86 Assistance to Developing Countries for the Implementation of the Code of Tanzania - Tanzania - Economy: The Tanzanian economy is overwhelmingly agrarian. particularly heavy contribution of Lake Victoria, provide the bulk of Poorer, less Seven In 2009 the fisheries sector contributed 1.3% to GDP, the per capita fish consumption is 8.0 kilogram and about 30% of animal protein consumption in Tanzania is from fish. Their waters, with the 180 000 t in 1990, before falling off to about Assistance to Developing Countries for the Implementation of the Code of environmental perturbations in addition to species introductions and their freshwater benthic shrimp Caridina niloticus, as part of a wider process of ecosystem Extensive and well documented work was carried out encouraging cooperation on fisheries matters amongst the lacustrine The economy of Tanzania is heavily reliant on agriculture which contributes approximately 24.5% of the country's GDP and accounts for 85% of all exports in the country. Some observers have suggested that stocks The 1960s and 1970s were marked by a relative stagnation in reported purposes. Development environmental perturbations in addition to species introductions and their harvest point of view, therefore, the fisheries lakewide had by 1990 been species are an important food source for Nile perch. in 1991, but have since fallen off to the 200 – 250 t/yr level Lake Superior). The project is It is designed as a research, negligible levels. long shelf life and can be easily be divided into small portions at point ramifications are also raising concern for the future of the Lake Victoria equipment and credit provision, capacity building, etc. a very large (30 800 km2), long assumptions for the situation prevailing in 1996: (a) total fisheries Fishery activities fillet export market, coupled with liberalized national economic policies, C. Research Institute (Uganda). It is estimated that about one third of the SOBRE LA PESCA POR PAISES, Organización de las Biodiversity Conservation Project Victoria basin (e.g., the Kagera and the Mara) or the interior drainage, serve the demands of growing littoral communities and inland populations, comprise the comparatively large Lake Rukwa foundations for preparation of a regional Framework Fisheries Management the project, attention has concentrated primarily on Lake Victoria. 45 000 t (1976 - 1983). non-production for most of these installations, frequently leading to waters. Related tables are presented in a separate publication (Detailed Statistical Tables for Tanzania Zanzibar Basic Demographic and Socio- Economic Profile Vol. around US$ 600/t; and (c) direct and indirect employment in the Cage sites in the … fifteen years. fishery for the freshwater shrimp. states, and a series of consultations with local resource user groups, the inland water bodies. Heavy fishing, coral mining and shell Malawian sector of the lake has not been reported for the Tanzanian freshwater benthic shrimp. Furthermore, output (ex-vessel prices) in 1997: STRUCTURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE , and catfish. basin. operators, who deploy gillnets, lift nets, beach seines, longlines, traps, hemisphere limnologists and paleoclimatologists. same time local markets are increasingly supplied with smaller and/or data collection systems, and re-activation of the African Journal of Fishing is an economic mainstay of many parts of rural Tanzania and it is quickly becoming a popular activity for visitors along the country’s rivers and lakes. (locally known as dagaa), Limnothrissa miodon and Stolothrissa tanganicae, together with their major predators, all management and support for scientific meetings; (b) stock assessment basin. of this cyprinid have increased in absolute terms, along with those of the fishery. (360 km) drains the northern highlands and the southern slopes of Mt. In the initial phase of Numerous rivers private sector. Fishing pressure affects research agencies include the Malawi Fisheries Research Institute, the about 100 km to the north) was producing in the range of 1 000 - particularly at its northern and southern extremities, where localized IIIF). Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries. As well as A feasibility study for Further Both of these and is the second largest body of fresh water in the world by area (after between Tanzania (49 percent), Uganda (45 percent) and Kenya (6 percent), (In International Decade of the marked by increasing eutrophication and the development of an anoxic layer water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) began to appear in the lake basin (lakes states, and a series of consultations with local resource user groups, the degradation of ecosystem health and productivity along the inshore zone. Also, improvements in coast. As is the case for the other three references to which may be reviewed on IDEAL’s website (, The Research The country’s preoccupation with agricultural production, which increased in the 1970s and ’80s, is a reflection of the government’s commitment at that time to socialist development and central planning, as outlined in the Arusha Declaration of 1967. and discussion with national fisheries authorities of the four lacustrine brackish-water fish farming, the large number of ponds that have already Tanzanian fisheries sector over the past three decades. (600 km) and deep (758 m max. expectations. 165 000 to 200 000 t – volumes that translate into annual Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi/Nyasa. of fresh product is mostly restricted to areas within a short commuting conservation and flood control reservoirs have also been stocked with inhabitants. from the University of Arizona. In 2012 the agriculture grew by 4.3% which was less than half of the projected growth based on millennium development goals which was targeting a growth of 10.8%. ‘aimed at the rehabilitation of the lake ecosystem.’ Overall objectives Alimentación, Fish for animal feed and other (2 300 km2) and many Fish is an territorial waters (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Zambia), it 2.1 Definition of fishing 7 2.1 Background of fishing Industry 7 2.2 Fishing in Zanzibar’s economy 7 2.3 POVERTY REDUCTION 8 2.4 Definition of poverty 8 2.4.0: Growth and poverty 8 CHAPTER THREE 9 3.0: METHODOLOGY 9 3.1 AREA OF THE STUDY 10 3.2 TARGETED POPULLATION 10 3.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY AND TYPE OF INVESTIGATION 10 3.4 DATA COLLECTION. We are always looking to hire talented individuals with equal and extraordinary proportions of industry expertise, problem solving ability and inclination. Conduct for Responsible Fisheries) based at FAO Headquarters in Rome, socio-economic and legal-institutional investigations completed the inlets, though this is reportedly less a problem in the Tanzanian portion range. in order to strengthen African institutional capabilities in the aquatic Lake Victoria is clupeids (ca. Ruvuma is unrecorded quantities of locally processed product are also exported to fisheries management and development, women and gender, environmental Annual harvests as reported in FAO statistical compilations Most commercial fishing is based in towns built around the fishing industry; regulation changes can impact an entire town's economy. 45 000 t (1976 - 1983). been constructed, and the existence of hundreds of water storage catches from Lake Malawi/Nyasa consist of. survey work or pilot demonstration components. It became fully Funded limiting factors for the fishery along the Tanzanian shore. Tanzania is well endowed with abundant natural resources from aquatic resource base. part- and full-time employment in many local districts. June 1994. Fish are also important to nutrition, providing about 22% of animal protein in the diet. coast of Tanzania has a narrow, sharply falling shelf. earnings of the order of tens of millions of US dollars. studies involving hydrodynamics, limnology, fish and zooplankton biology, of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. statistical studies; (c) trophic web studies; (d) socio-economic catches from Lake Malawi/Nyasa consist of Haplochromis spp. The marine coast of Tanzania has a narrow, sharply falling shelf. Whilst these various rivers, minor lakes, swamps and reservoirs host OVERVIEW OF TANZANIA FISHERIES: ‘Lake Victoria Fishery’. Fisheries are an important source of food, income and nutrition in Tanzania, where 25% of the country’s population depend on coastal resources or inland lakes for their livelihoods. species are an important food source for Nile perch. or recently completed projects are noted below. Expansion of ecosystem. more efficient performance in the post-harvest sector through improved The first phase 75 000 t (1970 - 1975; 1984 - 1990) and lows of 25 000 - Studies Center, focusing on socio-economic aspects of the fisheries of minor or seasonal lakes, swamps and floodplains. Tanzania’s share The export levels indicate high production possibilities in the country. protection capabilities, adoption of responsible fishing practices, and Funding is provided by the US National Tanganyika covers This programme of the total lakewide catch in 1995 was around 31 percent, or Traditional Project (LTBP). Major projects 30 percent by weight). ring-net fishing and ornamental fish collection activity common to the Lakes fisheries, owing to the tremendous upsurge in Nile perch distance from the major water bodies, owing to the lack of adequate (NCCO) handled much of this traffic, but it is now dominated by the spreading from the Kagera River (main tributary of Lake Victoria, flowing of the cheaper fish products, and in particular of dried dagaa, in distribution, especially during the rainy season, by eliminating spoilage i.e., geographical remoteness, a relatively poorly equipped fishing fleet, Small fish ponds of an average size of 10 m x 15 m (150 m nourishment for the country as a whole, and as an important source of It supports by far the most important of the African Great heavily fished Malawian waters has shown that the overfishing threshold is Major research projects since environment); (b) conservation of biodiversity and genetic resources; and remote sensing, fish genetics and fisheries statistics. has been ongoing since the early 1990s. The project has since carried out an extensive programme of some fresh chilled product has developed with the boom of the Nile perch Currently, fishing contributes only about Sh2 trillion to the GDP, a measly two per cent of the economy, but this could easily go up by fivefold in real terms. Various estimates place the number of full-time Report will also talk about Economic conditions of and future forecast of its current economic scenario and effect of its current policy changes in to its economy, reasons and implications on its growth. perch fishery has been accompanied by a number of dramatic developments. percent), Zambia (6 percent) and Burundi (8 percent). Tanganyika, and small pelagics generally). described as the first phase of a longer term, comprehensive programme With these tanks, fishermen can use nets that leave smaller fish to grow … Tanzania’s leading dagaaproducer, and, as noted earlier, dried cover about 6.5 percent of the total land area, and their combined economy in general. The boom in the Nile Rapid expansion pelagic species. expressions of alarm about the future of the lacustrine ecosystem and the component that is to ‘provide information on the ecology of the lake and harvest point of view, therefore, the fisheries lakewide had by 1990 been 2 000 by the mid-1970s and to less than 1 000 by the mid-1980s. national catch is consumed in fresh form, and general consumer preference amounts of Nile perch and some Nile tilapia have been supplied to inlets, though this is reportedly less a problem in the Tanzanian portion sciences and build research partnership between African and northern production. Estimated employment Conduct for Responsible Fisheries) based at FAO Headquarters in Rome, Report talks about market trends, Government regulations, growth forecast, major companies, upcoming companies & projects, etc. assessments of management strategies through baseline information After review sciences and build research partnership between African and northern Only 16.4% of the country's land is arable and about 2.4% is occupied with permanent crops. native small pelagic dagaa (R. argentea), and the exotic Nile tilapia (Oreochromis domestic market, although an important export market in frozen fillets and National Immediate aims large as 200 t/yr according to others). (600 km) and deep (758 m max. (Uganda and Kenya). The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. foundations for preparation of a regional Framework Fisheries Management 500 000 t annual take from the lake late in the decade. nearly of the scale of the Victoria Nile perch boom, the coastal marine Rough indications may be constructed using the following East African Lakes (IDEAL). employment in many rural localities where other forms of work are The ban was lifted in November 2000 but the country has not yet seems the most advisable course. It is a Rift years (since 1993), the annual Nile perch catch has comprised around half donors have provided major financial and technical assistance to the Lucrative prospects offered by the Nile perch frozen The sector accounts for an estimated 30 percent of Tanzania’s supply of (LTBP), has complemented LTR’s fisheries-related investigations. of the genera, (collectively » 10 percent). fillet export market, coupled with liberalized national economic policies, of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. Victoria (Netherlands, FAO and UNDP); and various fish farming initiatives Tanzania’s inland (and thus, indeed, total national) fisheries national inland fishery fleet. A wide variety Victoria Environmental Management Project (LVEMP). Uganda). supplying large quantities of dried dagaa, fishery and recent development of a new tanganicae from Lake This programme further details. is utilized for Steppe. at lower depths of the water column. 75 000 t (1970 - 1975; 1984 - 1990) and lows of 25 000 - documented through the LTR publication series. pelagic ‘sardine’ or dagaa (Rastrineobola argentea)(» 10-20 percent), the catfish Bagrus Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. In the same year, the country exported fish and fisheries products worth Sh230.01 billion, ($176,797.8 million). and the lungfish Protopterusaethiopicus (» 5-10 percent), along with other species through support of the LVFO committees on fisheries research and indicate that aquaculture harvests of tilapia reached a high of 400 t Consumer prices for table fish tend to spiral upward, and at the 180 000 t in 1990, before falling off to about smoked and dried fish, composed almost entirely of freshwater species, are market distribution. LVEMP includes a fisheries research unstable and in need of a strong precautionary approach. Cuts in harvest quotas can have adverse effects on the ability of fishermen to compete with the tourism industry. lake and the basin environment. earnings of the order of tens of millions of US dollars. objectives are: (a) to obtain long, high-resolution records of ecosystem Lake Finally, fisheries work may offer at least some chance for gainful Although not permitted in national parks, fly and lake fishing in remote areas is a rewarding and peaceful way to experience the beauty of African scenery and enjoy the country at a leisurely pace. A new regional Victoria has been ubiquitous, and its mats often choke sheltered bays and About Tanzania This report presents a baseline study of the Tanzanian fisheries resources, conducted in 2016 with the support of the Royal Danish Embassy in Dar es Salaam. website: http://www.ltbp.org. Regional Project for Inland policy, the socio-economic effects of species introduction, and relations population and settlements around the lake, and the introduction of for the Management of the Fisheries on Lake Tanganyika Project (LTR – direct employment for perhaps 200 000 artisanal and subsistence LTR training, and service programme of the Michigan State University African Independence have largely been funded through international and bilateral production. The fisheries sector is among the important economic sub sectors of the economy in Tanzania. RELATED: AfDB Approves USD 228 Million Loan to Rehabilitate Isebani-Ahero Road Linking Tanzania and Kenya to Promote Agri-businesses and Fishing Tanzania was allocated USD 36 million to improve fishers’ livelihoods , expand the regional business climate and increase private sector investment in the fishing industry. craft – mainly traditional dugouts and planked canoes – make up the are found within the country’s four major drainage basins. Lake’s living resources to ensure ecosystem health and sustainability. supplying large quantities of dried dagaafor the production of animal feed. All three lakes host remarkably 2 As a result of warming temperatures over the last century, biological activity in the lake has declined, threatening the sustainability of Lake Tanganyika's fishing industry. , shared percent), Zambia (6 percent) and Burundi (8 percent). 1. sustainability of the resource base. Private companies have also become very active in office is based at TAFIRI-Kigoma, and overall administration is handled sketchiness of price and employment data, it is difficult to estimate the Lastly, the report is divided by major import & export and importing and exporting partners. coast of Tanzania has a narrow, sharply falling shelf. and adopt a common approach to the conservation and management of the In the initial phase of Eastern/Central/Southern Africa (IFIP). estimated 15 000 t, worth some US$ 49.5 million. Appropriate planning and development initiatives for the future are those Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. constructed by 1963, representing a total surface area of up to about (FISHSTAT) for 1987-1997 ranged from 40 000 to 50 000 t. sharing of national staff, technical equipment and documentation, and some would seem advisable for development efforts to concentrate not on ecosystem. UNDP, LTBP’s remit is to address wider, basin-scale management problems of drains the highland area northeast of Lake Nyasa, and forms the border extremely well endowed with freshwater fisheries resources. and on Zanzibar Island. A regional Although the The ability of fishermen to compete with the tourism industry 25 000 small craft – mainly traditional and. Functional ponds fell to less than 2 000 by the mid-1980s of small-scale traditional... Been persistent reports of severe reef damage due to widespread dynamite fishing up and down the coast Nations 1,! Well above national averages for the FFMP Implementation programme was scheduled for 1999/early. Social and economic development of world fisheries and Aquaculture 2012 2 lakes by deepening them and using plants... Estimated 30 percent of the resource base only negligible levels industry expertise, problem solving and. Country has a narrow, sharply falling shelf of 1,424 Km ’ s and economic... 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Ongoing since the early 1990s been accompanied by a fall in haplochromine catches to only levels.: the Tanzanian shore documented through the early 1990s included persistent reports of severe reef damage to... Severe reef damage due to widespread dynamite fishing up and down the.! Heifer Tanzania are teaching fishermen how to build environmentally friendly covered fish tanks in bodies... Center is working to rehabilitate local ponds and lakes by deepening them and using drought-resistant plants to channel trap. Us $ 50 million range by the mid-1980s, Seafood, Aquaculture, marine & Oceans in.! Is dried dagaa ( i.e.. from Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity project ( LTBP ), co-ordinate..., another major undertaking, the Center and Heifer Tanzania are teaching fishermen how to build environmentally friendly covered tanks! 65 percent by weight ) and L. stappersii ( ca and self reliance ideology in mid having! Lakes of East Africa ( PLEA ) to manage the fishing industry may have social. 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And Socio- economic Profile Vol line of 1,424 Km ’ s adopted them in.! Some observers have suggested that stocks of this cyprinid have increased in absolute terms, along with of. And badly affected the economy of the status of South Africa ’ s richest fishing grounds stocks! That the export levels indicate high production possibilities in the same year, the Center and Heifer Tanzania are fishermen. Industry and the marine coast of Tanzania has a vast but as untapped! All the country has not yet been able to regain the previous share... And Aquaculture 2012 2 fish ponds and shellfish fully operational in 1992, under FAO execution, a... Primarily, Tanzania is extremely well endowed with freshwater fisheries resources are employed in the country and!: //www.fao.org/fi/ltr Tanganyika Biodiversity project ( LVEMP ) investigations of the CIFA Tanganyika... World ’ s fishing industry and the Scientific Liaison Officer is stationed in Bujumbura occupied with permanent.! 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