However, in 1586 Walsingham uncovered the Babington plot which implicated Mary directly in a conspiracy to overthrow Elizabeth. This was a big mistake. Britain abolished the old Roman monetary system in 1971, and minted new coins based on the decimal system. Houses were even converted into the shape of an 'E' to flatter her. Last updated 2011-02-17. Ignoring the pleas of her advisors Mary managed to escape from Lochleven and, disguised as a man, fled the country. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Ministers often dealt with matters without consulting her, and she became paranoid about the threat of assassination. In 1548 the French King, Henry II, proposed that the young Mary would be an ideal wife for his son, Francis, the marriage forming a perfect alliance between the two countries at a time when England was attempting to exert control over Scotland. As time passed it became clear to Mary that her husband was, in fact, an arrogant bully with a drinking problem. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. She is Assistant Producer on Simon Schama's A History of Britain, specialising in the reign of Elizabeth I for the programme entitled The Body of the Queen. But Walsingham had reckoned without the Queen's reluctance to sign the execution warrant. Her health deteriorated and, when death came on 24 March 1603, it was: 'mildly like a lamb, easily like a ripe apple from the tree'. ...as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. Her young son was crowned James VI on 29 July 1567. Mary was tried for treason and executed in 1587. Elizabeth I was queen of England and Ireland and her 45 year reign was considered a ‘golden period’ of English history. Francis II reigned for only a few months with Mary as his Queen and, when he died in 1560, Mary was left without a role. So what influences had shaped the young Elizabeth? Faced with a dilemma - for example whether or not to sign the execution warrant of Mary Queen of Scots - Elizabeth would busy herself with other matters for months on end. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. The arts flourished in England during this period as Shakespeare, Spenser and Marlowe created poetry and drama while composers such as Byrd and Tallis worked in Elizabeth’s court. Despite all these tactics Elizabeth was capable of falling in love, and the one who came closest to winning her heart was Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. But neither proposal led to marriage. Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any king before her but at the same time she was vain, sentimental and easily swayed by flattery. Queen Elizabeth. More than 14 million viewers watched the Queen's message on BBC One, with about five million viewing it on ITV. When Elizabeth was just two years old, her mother was beheaded for adultery on the orders of her father and she was exiled from court. Alexandra Briscoe has a background in documentary programme-making. She was well aware that plots were being hatched against her and that she needed the undivided loyalty of those around her as protection. She liked to surround herself with attractive people and her portraits were carefully vetted to make sure that no physical flaws were ever revealed. 'If I followed the inclination of my nature, it is this,' she said, 'beggar woman and single, far rather than queen and married.'. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. The warrant had been taken to Fotheringhay before she was ready. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. Thus starts a decades-long political/ matrimonial game, during an age of high passions and high achievement.  © Clever, enigmatic and flirtatious, she rewrote the rules of being Queen. However, details of the legacy she left the country are open to interpretation. In later years Catherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in the young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards. Lady Jane Grey was Queen for only a matter of days before being toppled and eventually executed. Fotheringhay Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation Sunday in a rare televised speech and called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. But life in Tudor England did not always reflect such splendour. Elizabeth, meanwhile, was paralysed by indecision. And was her success down to her own skill and judgement - or an intuitive grasp of public relations? Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. Eventually, sent to stay in the unwelcoming Tutbury Castle, the truth dawned on her. Elizabeth made sure that everyone - down to the lowliest beggar - played a part, pausing to listen to congratulations from ordinary people on the street. A year later Darnley himself was murdered, his residence in Edinburgh blown apart by an explosion. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. But Elizabeth had other ideas. Day next week with a televised address in the U.K. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded.'. Â. If only she could meet her, she thought, Elizabeth would rally to her cause. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but 1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. The crown passed to the Protestant King James VI of Scotland who became King James I of England. This was clever talk from the Queen. The names and details were duly supplied by the plotters. But their intimacy alarmed the other ministers. They had known each other for years, and he was one of the first to be appointed to her Council. Elizabeth the Queen by Alison Weir (Pimlico, 1999), The Virgin Queen by Christopher Hibbert (Viking, 1990), The Word of a Prince by Maria Perry (The Boydell Press, 1990), Elizabeth: Apprenticeship by David Starkey (Chatto and Windus, 2000), Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I by Roy Strong (Thames and Hudson, 1987), Mary Queen of Scots by Rosalind K Marshall (HMSO, 1991), Tudor England by John Guy, (Oxford University Press, 1988), Elizabethan Essays by Patrick Collinson (Hambledon Press, 1994), Princes, Pastors and People: The Church and Religion in England, 1529 - 1689 by Susan Doran and Christopher Durston (Routledge, 1991), Defeat of the Spanish Armada by Garrett Mattingly (Cape, 1983). BBC, Queen Elizabeth II More from News. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. The wedding was attended by the Queen, the Princess’s grandfather Prince Philip, her father Prince Andrew, and mother Sarah, Duchess of York, Buckingham Palace confirmed to the BBC.. Lords of the Council - numbering 150 - representatives from the Commonwealth, officials from the City of London - including the Lord Mayor - and other dignitaries witnessed the accession of the deceased king's eldest daughter this morning. Princess Beatrice, granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II, has married her fiancé Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi in a small private ceremony in Windsor.. Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25, but her reign was far from safe. Elizabeth died at Richmond Palace on 24 March 1603, and was succeeded by the Protestant James VI of Scotland, the son of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. For someone who disliked making decisions, this was torture. But by now the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne. The celebrations for the Coronation, two months later, were spectacular. Both her brother and sister died without having children so Elizabeth became Queen. Doesn't she? To execute any Queen was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake. As predicted, Mary quickly became the focus of plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the Catholic faith. Some see Elizabeth’s 45 year reign as a golden age of English history. The country now looked to the young Queen … Queen Elizabeth II Prince Andrew BBC Newsnight Royal Family. Queen Mary is still on the throne and with her harsh politics, she excessively pursues the persecution of … Despite the discovery of conspiracies and plots centred on Mary, Elizabeth showed caution and was reluctant to act against her. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed. When Elizabeth was just two years old her mother was beheaded at the Tower of London. It had all happened too quickly. She wept for days. Princess Elizabeth has formally proclaimed herself Queen and Head of the Commonwealth and Defender of the Faith. Ministers longed for the glory and prestige a visit from the Queen would bestow on them, and would decorate new residences in her honour. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Despite pressure from her advisers, particularly Lord Burghley, Elizabeth always refused to marry and provide an heir. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches and would cause her ministers, particularly the anxious Lord Burghley, sleepless nights. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Elizabeth, the last Tudor monarch, was born in Greenwich on 7 September 1533.  © Elizabeth's ministers had to employ spies and even use torture to gain information about threats to her life. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in 1588 and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death. Elizabeth was brought up in the care of governesses and tutors at Hatfield House and spent her days studying Greek and Latin with the Cambridge scholar, Roger Ascham. However, trouble was never far away. Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any King before her. Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. Mary had grown close to the ruthless Earl of Bothwell and rumour soon spread that Bothwell and Mary had been responsible for the murder, particularly following their hasty marriage a few weeks later. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. She knew that, in political terms, she needed their support but she also felt a deep sense of responsibility for their welfare. She became Queen of Scotland aged only six days following the death of her father, and spent her early childhood with her mother in Scotland. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Though Charles is a focal point of the series, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip's other three children make appearances, too. https://bbc.in/2J18jYJ. As she had feared, Catholic Europe reacted swiftly to the news and the Pope urged Philip of Spain to invade England. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II delivers her annual address in … To Elizabeth, Mary was a fellow Queen. A new era was dawning, the age of Elizabeth I. That was par for the course. Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. Elizabeth had often shied away from making difficult decisions and this had sown the seeds for future conflict, particularly in Ireland. But problems remained. But her fate was sealed when she failed to provide Henry with what he desperately wanted - a son. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches. Certainly, her reign had seen England prosper and become a major player in Europe. By Alexandra Briscoe Elizabeth chose an able set of administrators to aid her during her rule, including William Cecil, Lord Burghley as her Secretary of State and Sir Francis Walsingham, in charge of intelligence. Most read in Royal. Elizabeth was an instant hit. David Dimbleby remarked on the "lonely" Queen as he presented the Remembrance Sunday service on the BBC. But what was Elizabeth really like? The queen was also keen to be seen by her subjects. He had the ear of the Queen and might poison her mind against them. Her presence in England could spark a Catholic uprising. There was widespread corruption amongst ministers involving the abuse of monopolies and tax evasion. Elizabeth I's spymaster Francis Walsingham. Protestantism was now firmly established as the country's religion. The Tudor queen was depicted with the snake clasped in her fingers in an original version of the work, but it was replaced with a bunch of roses. Elizabeth was rewarded with loyalty and, enhanced by the glow of nostalgia, her own unique place in history. As Elizabeth walked along the carpet laid out for her journey to Westminster Abbey, the crowds rushed forward to cut out pieces as souvenirs. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. The welfare of her people was of paramount importance to Elizabeth and she once remarked, 'I am already bound unto a husband which is the Kingdom of England.' She insisted that she was ‘married’ to her country. In 1568 one such problem presented itself to Elizabeth in the shape of Mary Queen of Scots. Elizabeth was briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1554 following a failed rebellion, of which she claimed no knowledge. Found guilty of treason, Mary was sentenced to death. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Elizabeth’s first priority on becoming Queen was to return England to the Protestant faith. On the contrary she thrived on the adoration of her ministers and knew that flirtation was often the easiest way to get things done. According to Deadline, Queen Elizabeth recently took in a “private viewing” of The King’s Speech, the historical drama showcasing her late father, King George VI, and his struggles with a speech impediment.She apparently “enjoyed” it and screenwriter David Seidler was thoroughly “humbled” with the news. It took years to prepare for. Agnes Brown, who is played by Brendan, was set to have a storyline involving Queen Elizabeth II but at the last minute, the plot changed. Their anxiety amused Elizabeth, and this gave her an excuse to exert her independence every now and then. Mary was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland in 1542, the daughter of James V of Scotland and the French Mary of Guise. The Queen asserted her virginity throughout her life, but was also an attractive woman who thrived on male attention. The storyteller is Queen Elizabeth II, and the subject of her tale is Queen Victoria. For their part, the people were thrilled with their new Queen. Francis Walsingham, one of Elizabeth's most loyal ministers, was acutely aware of this. Elizabeth helped create a Church of England that, although Protestant, allowed some of the old Catholic traditions to continue. Children would secure the line of succession. She didn't expect to be Queen. She would marry when it was convenient and would thank Parliament to keep out of what was a personal matter. Only when the patience of her ministers was running short would she be forced to make up her mind. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. But the ability to address a large number of people, from ministers in Parliament to troops on the battlefield, stood Elizabeth in good stead for the future. Similarly Mary would ask after Elizabeth. More than that, Elizabeth simply did not wish to be married. The scene was one part of a 105-minute color documentary …  © Walsingham's spies discovered that she was secretly corresponding with a group of Catholic plotters and, having intercepted her letters, they forged a postscript in her hand asking for the identities of those involved. In November 1558, after the death of Mary I, Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. The new Book of Common Prayer was introduced, adapted from earlier Books used under the Protestant Edward VI. He altered the layout of his castle, building luxurious new apartments for the Queen and her huge entourage. ...the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate... From this point on, events spiralled out of control. He was soon bewitched by her, arranging to divorce Catherine of Aragon and quickly making Anne his second wife. The following year Philip II of Spain launched a great fleet of ships, known as the Spanish Armada, to try and overthrow Elizabeth and restore Catholicism. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. But the two Queens never met. She did not wish to meet the woman she considered her rival, but knew that if she released Mary her own life would be in danger. Partly aided by bad weather, the English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada, with the help of Sir Francis Drake. Her ministers knew and Elizabeth certainly knew. Kenilworth Castle By pursuing a policy of moderation she was attempting to maintain the status quo and, although Puritans were particularly upset by the continuance of some Catholic traditions, an uneasy compromise was reached and maintained throughout her reign. But Elizabeth was careful not to erase all traces of Catholic worship and retained, for example, the traditions of candlesticks, crucifixes and clerical robes. In 1558 the Protestant preacher John Knox wrote, 'It is more than a monster in nature that a woman should reign and bear empire over man.' He wanted to impress the Queen and, in the summer of 1575, threw a party at Kenilworth Castle which no one could forget. The 1590s proved a difficult decade for Elizabeth. She learnt how to turn the tide of opinion in her favour, and this became one of her most effective weapons. Elizabeth remains a threat in her childless Catholic sister's eyes. Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. On 17 November 1558 it is said that Princess Elizabeth was sitting under an oak tree at Hatfield House when a horseman appeared with the news that would change her life forever. Elizabeth R is a 1992 television documentary film about Queen Elizabeth II.It was produced by the BBC and directed by Edward Mirzoeff.It was the first officially approved documentary about the British monarchy since Royal Family (1969). It was clear that, as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. Prince Charles delivers ‘heartfelt’ speech at The Royal Variety show after family reunion. Mary's trial began on 15 October 1586 at Fotheringhay. He wanted to impress the Queen... No matter that the entertainment at Kenilworth practically bankrupted him. In 1553, Elizabeth's older half-sister Mary became queen. Always a popular monarch, and a brilliant public speaker, Elizabeth united the country against this common enemy. Mary was the granddaughter of Henry VIII's elder sister, Margaret, and so had a claim to the English throne. Elizabeth R was followed by the BBC-RDF documentary Monarchy: The Royal Family at Work in 2007. Read about our approach to external linking. She landed on English soil ready to meet her fellow Queen. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. In February 1587 the warrant was finally signed and the execution took place before the Queen could change her mind. With Francis Walsingham’s help, Elizabeth imprisoned Mary and kept her under constant surveillance for 19 years. Her, and poor Laws had created a new era was dawning, the Queen knew that flirtation often. Now and then apartments for the worse reacted swiftly to the Spanish Armada, with the help of Sir Drake... 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