Discrimination based on caste status is a root cause of the high poverty levels that caste-affected people experience. Issues of Equality and Social Justice in India! For example, social inequality is linked to caste inequality,racial inequality, gender inequality, and ethnic inequality as well as other status characteristics. The examples of caste discrimination identified related to jati. INTRODUCTION Meaning of caste: Derived from Spanish word ‘casta’ which means race or breed … Economic inequality between the rich and the poor has been increasing at a regular pace since the Independence. 10 Lines on Caste System India Essay in English . The UN also calls for caste equality to be protected by legislation. Global Caste Discrimination. The apartheid system of South Africa is another example of a caste system. People were categorized into high and low castes and treated differently in the society. Ramaswamy tried to destroy the inequality against untouchables. Visualisation of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism One Hindu tradition is the belief in the caste system. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The hierarchy of the castes was decided by their professional and family history. There is strict restriction on inter-dining and inter-marriage among people belonging to different castes. wealth occupation education income. In Caste, likewise, there are few moments for hope that the system can be changed. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. In India, the concept of equality is mainly referred to in the context of the disparities created by the caste system. In the case of the caste system, the custom being rationalized is inequality. Jaspal, R. (2011) 'Caste, Social Stigma and Identity Processes', Psychology and Developing Societies, 23, 1: 27-62. The caste system still prevails in large parts of the country although we have expunged it from our Constitution. It is today the basis of affirmative action programmes in India. inequality based on social status inequality based on wealth. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. The rich and the poor, landowners and landless labourers, capitalists and workers, educated and uneducated, employed and unemployed, men and women, modern and backward. Of course, social inequality is manifested in a number of ways. 10 ; View Full Answer ... Another example of perpetuating inequalities is given by theGreen Revolution. referred to in the context of the disparities created by the caste system. Using examples from around the world, she goes on to demonstrate how the codification of caste throughout the world has hardened economic and political inequality … “What is particularly worrying in India’s case is that economic inequality is being added to a society that is already fractured along the lines of caste, religion, region and gender.” Professor Himanshu Jawaharlal Nehru University While India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, it is also one of the most unequal countries. Social inequality occurs when resources in a given society are distributed unevenly, typically through norms of allocation, that engender specific patterns along lines of socially defined categories of persons. Caste discrimination against India's 'untouchables' is an international issue . The caste system in India is the paradigmatic ethnographic example of caste.It has origins in ancient India, and was transformed by various ruling elites in medieval, early-modern, and modern India, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Updated: 21 Oct 2016, 05:28 AM IST Roshan Kishore. It has increased exponentially under the present NDA government that is ideologically driven by Hindu texts. The Caste system has existed in India for a long time and was the creation of a social practice that later on became a norm of life, with the continuation of inferiority and superiority by reason of ones colour, religion, place of birth, economic and social status even today. South Africa’s Apartheid System. Identify the examples of types of inequality that must be eliminated to achieve social equality, according to Rousseau. Caste system in the Indian society is another major problem. The study of social stratification of a society based either on caste or on class, is concerned largely with the understanding of inequality. In the United States, inequality tends to be framed as an issue of either class, race or both. when looking at the privileged and the underprivileged in a reservations system. Historically, the caste system is based on the jobs adopted by the person based on birth. For close to two decades now, attempts have been ongoing at various levels to get institutions overseas to recognise the peculiar challenge of caste, a system of inequality and oppression that is unique to the subcontinent and is recognised by the Constitution of India. Consider, for example, criticism that Republicans’ new tax plan is a weapon of “class warfare,” or accusations that the recent U.S. government shutdown was racist. Louis Dumont, a French sociologist, has explained ‘inequality’ in caste system on a different basis. Caste and Educational Inequalities: A Reciprocal Relationship! The caste-based discrimination and the higher caste domination over the educational structure are, to a great extent, responsible for the emergence of caste associations and united front’s consisting of teachers and students mainly from lower social background. India is a country with one of the oldest cultures. Babasaheb Ambedkar fought for the ‘annihilation of caste’ believing that social equality could never exist within a caste system. Unlike class system, cast system does not allow any person to move from one caste to another. Causes. Asia India's caste system: Weakened, but still influential. If an individual is poor, for example, blaming his or her circumstances on what he or she did in a past life absolves others in the society of the responsibility for providing any assistance. The true fragrance of democracy can be experienced only when there is equality and no discrimination. 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